Onahama Port is located on the coast of Iwaki-shi in Fukushima Prefecture, facing the Pacific Ocean. The foundations of the port were laid in 1747 when the magistrate's office of the Shogunate was placed here for the purpose of shipping out rice payments collected from each of the feudal domains of Iwaki to Edo. From the Meiji Era on, accompanying the increasing demand for coal, the port served as a base for shipping coal from the Hitachinaka-Bandai area coal mines to the Tokyo and Yokohama regions, and greatly contributed to the industrial development of Japan.

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